BACKGROUND OF CHINA-MALAYSIA PORT ALLIANCE
Under the initiative of the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road initiative, the Ministry of Transport Malaysia has taken the initiative to establish a Port Alliance between six (6) Malaysian Federal Ports, ie. Bintulu Port Authority, Johor Port Authority, Kuantan Port Authority, Malacca Port Authority, Penang Port Commission and Port Klang Authority with ten (10) Chinese Ports, ie. Beibuwan Port Administration Bureau, Fujian Fuzhou Port Authority, Guangzhou Port Authority, Guangzhou Port Authority, Jiangsu Taicang Port Management Committee, Ningbo Port Company Limited, Port of Dalian Authority, Ports Administration of Shenzhen Municipality, Port & Shipping Authority of Haikou City, Shanghai International Port Group Co., Ltd and Xiamen Port Authority.
On 23 November 2015, The MoU between the Malaysian Port Alliance and China Port Alliance was signed by Malaysia’s Transport Minister YB. Dato’ Sri Liow Tiong Lai and Chinese counterpart Yang Chuantang, Minister of Transport, PRC, on 23rd November 2015. The signing ceremony was witnessed by The Hon. Prime Minister Malaysia YAB Dato’ Sri Mohd Najib Tun Abdul Razak and Chinese Prime Minister H.E. Mr. Li Keqiang.
The scope of the MoU includes Port Studies, Training and Apprenticeship, Technical Assistance, Traffic Development and Promotion of Services.
As follow up to China’s economic “One Belt, One Road” initiative, a forum entitled “Enhancing the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road through Malaysia” was held by Port Klang Authority and supported by the Ministry of Transport Malaysia, at Dorsett Grand Hotel in Subang from 14-16 December 2015. This forum was held so as to be a strategic platform to foster a closer relationship between ASEAN countries and also between China and Malaysia.
Further to the Port Alliance agreement, MOT Malaysia has appointed PKA to be the secretariat for the 6 Malaysian Federal Ports and at the same time MOT PRC has also appointed China Ports & Harbours Association as the secretariat for the 10 Chinese Ports.
The 1st China – Malaysia Port Alliance Meeting was convened in Ningbo, China on the 13th July 2016. By virtue of a Memorandum of Understanding on China-Malaysia Port Alliance, signed by H.E. YANG Chuantang, Minister of Transport of the People’s Republic of China, and H.E Dato’ Sri Liow Tiong Lai, Minister of Transport Malaysia, marks the official formation of the China-Malaysia Port Alliance.
The parties agreed to establish the meeting mechanism of the China-Malaysia Port Alliance (referred to as CMPA) to further implement relevant actions to be implemented in strengthening communication and cooperation between ports of China and Malaysia and to accelerate long-term development of port business based on pragmatic conditions.
The objective of CMPA is to establish a port alliance by way of mutual assistance and joint co-operation particularly in the fields of port studies, communications and cooperation between the Parties.
The China-Malaysia Port Alliance Membership is as follows:
- Beibuwan Port Administration Bureau
- Fujian Fuzhou Port Authority
- Guangzhou Port Authority
- Jiangsu Taicang Port Management Committee
- Ningbo Zhoushan Port Group Limited
- Port of Dalian Authority
- Shenzhen Port & Cargo Transportation Bureau, Shenzhen Municipal Transport Committee
- Port & Shipping Authority of Haikou City
- Shanghai International Port Group Co. Ltd
- Xiamen Port Authority
- Qingdao Port (Group) Co. Ltd
- Port Kelang Authority
- Johor Port Authority
- Kuantan Port Authority
- Bintulu Port Authority
- Penang port Commission
- Malacca Port Authority
In light of the objective above, Malaysian Port Alliance has proposed FIVE (5) projects under this framework and will be led by each respective ports in Malaysia. The Projects are as follows:
- Project 1: E-Port Community Exchange platform to share information database
- Project 2: Human Resource Training and Development programs for Port Personnel
- Project 3: Best practices in ports and logistics industry
- Project 4: Mutual promotion efforts to support ports in both country
- Project 5: Port terminal investment, operations, and development
During the 1st Annual Meeting, it is agreed that Malaysia will be hosting the 2nd CMPA Meeting in 2017. A China-Malaysia Secretariat Meeting was held on 7th December 2016 in Shanghai and it was proposed by Malaysia secretariat that next meeting will be held in conjunction with the Southeast Asia Breakbulk Conference which is scheduled on the 4th - 6th September 2017, at Malaysia.